It is also important to treat the underlying condition. Neuropathy, also known as peripheral neuropathy, occurs when a nerve or group of nerves is not working normally. Neuropathy can have many different causes, such as diabetes, trauma, nerve damage, illness, or medication. Symptoms usually depend on the cause and which nerves are affected.
If you break down the word, neuropathy literally means disease (pathy) of the nerves (neuro). It can affect a wide range of areas, from the peripheral nerves to the autonomic nerves. The central nervous system constantly sends signals and messages from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body and limbs. When these nerves are damaged or diseased, you may experience inappropriate signals that trigger neuropathic pain and loss of sensation in certain sensory nerves.